Abstracts of issue 18 (2003)
George P. Ploumbides
The Musical Education in Russia
The first attempts of creating a musical education system in Russia were made in the 18th century by Peter the Great. In 1862 the St. Petersburg Odeon was established, where famous musicians, as Anton Rubinstein, Rimsky-Korsakov, Lyadov, Glazunov, have taught. In 1866 the Moscow Odeon was established, employing, among others, Nicolai Rubinstein, Tchaikovsky, Taneev, Safonov, Scriabin, Igumnov, Goldenvaiser, Medtner. In the period of the socialist system, three degrees of musical studies were shaped: a) the basic musical education, b) the intermediate professional musical education, and c) the high-degree musical education (Conservatories). The Tchaikovsky Conservatory today comprises seven schools: a) the school of piano, b) the school of strings, c) the school of singing, d) the school of choir direction, e) the school of orchestra and opera direction, f) the school of theory and composition, and g) the newly established school of contemporary and historical interpretation.